Introduction History of Damon system Advantages of Damon system
Disadvantages of Damon system Summary
In traditional braces an elastics tie is used to hold the wire in the brace. The disadvantage of elastics is pressing the wire against the brace creating a large amount of friction that has to be overcome to move the teeth. The Damon brace holds the wire passively allowing tooth movement at a fraction of the force levels required to move teeth. This is more commonly known as the “slide method” as a lower level of force is placed on the teeth.
|In 1996, the initial version of the Damon Braces System was introduced. It was further developed into a secondary form in 2000. This version's introduction was complemented by the production of a number of guidelines that were written in regards to the Damon System.|
Later, in 2004 and 2005, the demand for durable, strong ceramic braces were satisfied by the production of the Damon 3 hybrid as well as the Damon MX brackets.
Damon Q's auxiliary slots can incorporate sectional wires to quickly align teeth — such as blocked-out laterals — while maintaining the patient's natural wire sequence. These novel features can reduce the number of appointments and shorten overall treatment time. Furthermore, small bracket profile and size with smooth, rounded corners help prevent occlusal interference while offering patients greater comfort and aesthetics.
|To ensure that the level of development continued so patients would only be offered the best products available, the Damon Forum was created. The Damon Forum consists of a number of dental professionals who used the Damon System as part of their practice. The Damon Forum involves regular meetings, which tend to attract over a thousand dental specialists from around the world who want to learn more, share their knowledge and further develop the treatment.|
Faster treatmentThe Damon system allows for there to be a sturdy tube in which the arch wires can glide around and work within. With the initial wires in the Damon System, all of the activity is on the outside of the tube and not the base, which is completely counter to how traditional braces work. In traditional braces the arch wires are tied into the base of the bracket to control teeth. Working along the outside of the tubes with light forces allow crowding to unravel much quicker by uprighting and de-rotating teeth simultaneously. This is more mechanically efficient than traditional braces.
|The presence of a solid door holding the wires allows for rubberbands (elastics) to be started earlier with less adverse movements. This absolutely speeds treatment.|
There is less friction when moving the teeth so teeth can move quicker and be fixed in a shorter amount of time. Results have also been demonstrated as quicker with treatment thought to last around six months less than ordinary braces.
|Third-party studies including one study by Tagawa prove that treatment time using the Damon System is up to seven months faster than other orthodontic appliances. That’s because the Damon System exhibits 99.5% less friction than active self-ligating brackets and 99.8% less friction than conventionally ligated twins according to a study by Vourdouris. Berger reports that such a dramatic reduction in friction has been linked to shortening overall treatment time.|
Fewer extractionsThis is a relatively new approach to tooth alignment that allows the teeth to be straightened, usually without extractions and often without having to use rapid palatal expanders. In years past, orthodontic treatment often meant having to have permanent teeth removed to make room. Fortunately, this is no longer the case. Damon braces allow us to align the teeth with far fewer extractions, and in a shorter time period than traditional braces.
Improved facial supportA major advantage of this style of treatment is the enhancement of our patients’ facial features. By aligning the teeth and developing the dental arches without extractions, the lips and cheeks have more underlying support. Extraction of teeth can often lead to decreased facial support, and the appearance of premature aging. This can be avoided with the Damon System. Our goal is to create a smile that our adolescent patients will grow into. Many of our adult patients report positive changes in their entire facial profile as their teeth are aligned.
The Damon System employs a unique treatment philosophy that goes beyond straight teeth to create broad beautiful smiles. We take into account each patients' face, profile and other factors, anticipating what patients will look like in their 40's, 50's and beyond.
|CT scans on Damon patients prove conclusively that the Damon System can provide lateral arch adaptation while keeping teeth perfectly centered in bone. This ability to achieve transverse arch development helps minimize the need for tooth extractions and invasive procedures such as rapid palatal expanders or surgery.|
A growing body of literature is further demonstrating that the Damon System achieves arch width expansion without the need for rapid palatal expanders. A comparative study by Mikulencak found that the Damon System achieved clinically and statistically significant changes in arch width dimensions in the molar and premolar areas after treatment. In comparing the results achieved with the Damon System to previously published results of RPE cases, the study concludes that there was no observed difference in molar tipping associated with the increase in arch width, demonstrating that the same results may be achieved with the far less invasive Damon System.
More comfortableAs the Damon braces are self-ligating they do not require rubber or steel ties, which are often the cause of orthodontic discomfort and irritation. Not only this, but it means that the braces do not need to be adjusted and tightened as often as traditional braces, which can be a very time-consuming procedure. Besides, Self-ligation reduces the risks of percutaneous injury, protecting the patient from soft-tissue lacerations and possible infections from the cut ends of steel ligatures.
In addition to these advantageous features is the comfort aspect. This is achieved by the edges of the brace being rather shapely and well fitting. The addition of 'stops' on the wires helps prevent the wire from becoming displaced from its intended location. They also are nicer looking than traditional braces which will have your 14 year old pushing for the new approach.
|The forces applied by the Damon brace wires are only about a quarter of that applied by those that compose traditional braces. One clear advantage for not using traditional braces is that the force needed to move teeth can lead to erosion. With the Damon braces use less force and are healthier and less damaging to the teeth in general. patients are more comfortable due to lower force and|
In passive self-ligating braces, orthodontic treatment begins with very light wires .014 inch in size that are made of an alloy of copper, nickel, and titanium (CuNiTi) and have a non-anatomical shape because it is wider than natural arch. Successively larger wires are placed as the arches round out and as the teeth level. The next-larger wire is used when it may be passively placed in the brackets. The use of initial light wires and the passive placement of subsequent heavier wires made of stainless steel and/or a TMA alloy reduces the pressure exerted on the periodontial ligaments, which with conventional orthodontic mechanics compromises the blood flow there and triggers sometimes nonphysiologic osteoclastic/osteoblastic activity.
Better hygieneElastomeric ligatures not only show a rapid rate of decay and deformation, but they are often associated with poor oral hygiene. With the elimination of ligatures, self-ligating appliances can significantly improve the hygiene of all patients.
It does not become easily stained. Furthermore it has been known to attract a significantly reduced amount of plaque in comparison to other systems making it a more hygienic choice. Whereas, traditional braces can be associated with plaque build up due to the ties that hold them in place. This can inhibit cleaning and oral hygiene is subsequently affected.
No need to headgearIn the past, creating space and developing arches required bulky headgear and palatal expanders. The Damon System's revolutionary approach uses light, biologically-sensible forces to develop beautiful natural arches, in most cases without the need for headgear or palatal expanders. It's far easier and more comfortable to get the beautiful smile you've always dreamed of.
|The face-driven treatment philosophy of the Damon System helps convert anterior crowding into posterior adaptation of bone, muscle and soft tissues, because the lower forces do not overpower the lip musculature. In conventional treatment, higher forces are required to move teeth, which can overpower the facial musculature and push anteriors forward. But with the light forces of the Damon System, a lip-bumpering effect occurs whereby the orbicularis oris muscle prevents the incisors from dumping forward. As a result, teeth are allowed to follow the path of least resistance, sliding distally and laterally.|
No color for kids
To make braces more acceptable and fun for young people, manufacturers have made brightly colored elastics. These are the tiny rubber bands that hold the wires to the braces. Children can choose elastics with their school colors or a holiday color scheme, such as orange and black for Halloween. Choosing the color of the elastics allows patients "to feel that they are more involved in their treatment," Dr. Cangialosi says.
Difficult finishingPassive self-ligating braces do not offer enough pressure of the arch wire against the bracket slot making it very difficult to move tooth to the final position.